Too much has been written about Tristan da Cunha to sum up here. Helyer & Swales (1998) assembled thousands of titles, and even they are not complete. Below, I limit myself to books, mainly, except for the sources about Moorhens. I have four categories:


1. The real Tristan books and publications

2. Exploration, travel and island books

3. Fiction

4. Moorhen sources


1. The real Tristan books and publications


Barrow, K.M. 1910. Three years in Tristan da Cunha. Skeffington, London.

Beintema, A.J. 1997. Het waterhoentje van Tristan da Cunha. Atlas, Amsterdam.

Blair, J.P. 1964. Home to Lonely Tristan da Cunha. Nat. Geogr. Mag. 125 (1): 60-81.

Booy, D.M. 1957. Rock of Exile: a Narrative of Tristan da Cunha. Dent & Sons, London.

Brander, J. 1940. Tristan da Cunha, 1506-1902. Allen & Unwin, London.

Brander, J. 1952. Tristan da Cunha, 1506-1950. Geschiedenis van een volkplanting. Uitgeversmaatschappij West-Friesland, Hoorn.

Butler, H.J. 1952. Ships calling at Tristan da Cunha 1506-1952. Private publication (not found!).

Buxton, E. 2001. Island Chaplain Tristan da Cunha 1975-1978. George Mann Publications, Easton, Winchester.

Christophersen, E. 1938. Tristan da Cunha: den ensommy øy. Ashehaug & Co, Oslo. English translation: Tristan da Cunha - the Lonely Isle. Cassell, London, 1940.

Christophersen, E. (ed.) et al. 1940-1968. Results of the Norwegian Scientific Expedition to Tristan da Cunha, 1937-38, nos 1-55, 3 vols. Det Norske Videnskaps Akademi, Oslo.

Cooper, J. & P.G. Ryan, 1993. Management Plan for the Gough Island Wildlife Reserve. Goverment of Tristan da Cunha, Tristan da Cunha.

Crabb, G. 1980. The History and Postal History of Tristan da Cunha. Private publication.

Crawford, A.B. 1941. I went to Tristan. Hodder & Stoughton, London.

Crawford, A.B. 1982. Tristan da Cunha and the Roaring Fourties. Charles Skilton Ltd, Edinburgh, London. David Philip, Cape Town.

Crawford, A.B. 1999. Penguins, Potatoes & Postage Stamps. Anthony Nelson, Oswestry.

Crawford, A.B. 2004. Tristan da Cunha: Wartime Invasion. George Mann Publications, Easton, Winchester.

Crawford A.B. undated (2004).Tristan da Cunha. Glimpses into Past History. Private publication for the benefit of the Tristan da Cunha Pensioners Fund.

Crovari, J. 1990. Tristan da Cunha, l'Isola delle aragoste. Silver Press Genova.

Earle, A. 1833. Narrative of a Nine Month's residence in New Zealand in 1827 together with a Journal of Residence in Tristan da Cunha, an Island situated between South America and the Cape of Good Hope. Longman, London.

Falk-Rønne, A. 1963. Tilbage til Tristan. Pondus-Bøgerne, Lohse. English translation: Back to Tristan. Allen & Unwin, London.

Faustini, A. undated (1925?). The Annals of Tristan da Cunha. Online:

Foran, W.R. 1938. Tristan da Cunha, Isles of Contenment. Nat. Geogr. Mag. 74 (5): 671-694.

Frazer, M., D. Gilfillan, N. Hall, R. Holt, N. Mateer, R. Preece, C. Siddall, M. Swales, J. Wooley & D. Dowsett, 1983. Denstone Expedition to Inaccessible Island. Denstonian supplement. Tresises, Burton upon Trent & Derby.

Gane, D.M. 1932. Tristan da Cunha. An Empire Outpost and its Keepers with Glimpses of its Past and Consideration of the Future. Allen & Unwin, London.

Glass, C.J. 2005. Rockhopper Copper. Orphans Press, Leominster.

Glass, J. & A. Green, 2003. A short Guide to Tristan da Cunha. Whitby Press, Whitby.

Greig, A.M. 1847. Fate of the 'Blenden Hall', East Indiaman, Captain Alexander Greig, bound for Bombay: with an Account of the Wreck and Sufferings and Privations endured by the Survivors, for Six Months on the Desolate Islands of Inaccessible and Tristan d'Acunha. William H. Colyer, New York.

Hagen, Y. 1952. Birds of Tristan da Cunha. Results of the Norwegian Scientific Expedition to Tristan da Cunha, 1937-38, no 20. Det Norske Videnskaps Akademi, Oslo.

Helyer, P. & M.K. Swales, 1998. Bibliography of Tristan da Cunha. Anthony Nelson, Oswestry.

Holdgate, M.W. 1958. Mountains in the Sea. Macmillan, London.

Hosegood, N. 1964. The Glass Island. The Story of Tristan da Cunha. Hodder & Stoughton, London.

Kimber, G. 2020. Between the mountains and the sea. Memories of a childhood on Tristan da Cunha, the world's loneliest inhabited island. Private publication.

Kornet-van Duyvenboden, S. 2004. Op zoek naar Pieter Groen. Boekhandel Van den Berg, Katwijk aan de Rijn. English translation: A Dutchman on Tristan da Cunha. The quest for Peter Green. George Mann Publications, Easton, Winchester, 2007.

Lajolo, A. & G. Lombardi, 1994. L'Isola in capo al Mondo. Nuova Eri Edizioni Rai, Torino.

Lajolo, A. & G. Lombardi, 1999. Tristan da Cunha l'isola leggendaria; Tristan da Cunha the Legendary Island. Museo Marinaro Tommasino, Andreatta.

Lavarello, A. 1936. I naufragi di Tristan. Istituto Editoriale Avio Navale, Milano.

Lavarello, P. undated. Tristan da Cunha Recipe Book. Mothers Union St. Mary's Church, Tristan da Cunha.

Lewis, L. 1950. New Life for the 'Loneliest Isle'. Nat. Geogr. Mag. 97 (1): 105-116.

Ljung, K. & S. Björck, 2011. A pollen record of the last 450 years from a lowland peat bog on Tristan da Cunha, South Atlantic, implying early anthropogenic influence, Journal of Quaterly Science, July 2011. Online:

Lockhart, J.G. 1930. 'Blenden Hall'; the True Story of a Shipwreck; a casting Away and Life on a Desert Island. Philip & Allen, London.

McCormick, E.H. (ed.) 1966. Narrative of a Residence in New Zealand and a Journal of Residence in Tristan da Cunha by Augustus Earle. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

McKay, M. 1963. The Angry Island: the Story of Tristan da Cunha (1506-1963). Arthur Barker, London.

Munch, P.A. 1945. Sociology of Tristan da Cunha. Results of the Norwegian Scientific Expedition to Tristan da Cunha, 1937-38, no 13. Det Norske Videnskaps Akademi, Oslo.

Munch. P.A. 1970. The Song Tradition of Tristan da Cunha. Indiana University Research Center for the Language Sciences, Bloomington; Mouton & Co., Den Haag.

Munch, P.A. 1971. Crisis in Utopia. Longmans, London.

Munch, P.A. 2008. Glimpsing Utopia: Tristan da Cunha 1937-38, A Norwegian Diary. Translated and edited by Catherine Munch Snyder. George Mann Publications, Easton, Winchester.

Rogers, R.A. 1927. The Lonely Island, Allen & Unwin, London.

Rosenthal, E. 1952. Shelter from the Spray. Timmins, Cape Town.

Ryan, P. (ed.) 2007. Field Guide to the animals and plants of Tristan da Cunha and Gough Island. Pisces Publications, Newbury.

Schreier, D. 2003. Isolation and Language Change. Contemporary and Sociohistorical Evidence from Tristan da Cunha English. Palgrave MacMillan, Houndmills, Basingstoke.

Schreier, D. & K. Lavarello-Schreier, 2003. Tristan da Cunha. History, People, Language. Battlebridge Publications, London.

Smith, R.C. 1986. The Ships of Tristan da Cunha. Vol. 1. Lifeline of a Lonely Island. Private publication.

Smith, R.C. 1991. The ships of Tristan da Cunha. A listing 1506-1991. Private Publication.

Smith, R.C. 1994. The Ships of Tristan da Cunha. Vol. 2. A history and the mails. Private publication.

Swales, M.K., C. Whirledge, J. Wooley & S. Wright 1993. Denstone Expedition to Tristan da Cunha. Denstonian supplement. Tresises, Burton upon Trent & Derby.

Soodyall, H., T. Jenkins, A, Mukherjee, E. Dutoit, D.F. Roberts & M. Stoneking, 1997. The founding mitochondrial DNA lineages of Tristan da Cunha islanders. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 104: 157-166. Online (abstract only):;2-W.

Soodyall, H., A. Nebel, B. Morar & T. Jenkins, 2003. Genealogy and genes: tracing the founding fathers of Tristan da Cunha. European Journal of human Genetics 11: 705-709. Online:

Svensson, R. 1965. Tristan da Cunha, South Atlantic. Propius Publishing House, Stockholm.

Taylor, R.W. 2001-2008. Tristan da Cunha Monographs. 18 vols. Private publication.

Taylor, W.F. 1856. Some Account of the Settlement of Tristan d'Acunha, in the South Atlantic Ocean. Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London.

Wace, N.M. & M.W. Holdgate 1976. Man and Nature in the Tristan da Cunha Islands. IUCN Monograph No. 6. IUCN, Morges.

Wheeler, P.J.F. 1962. Death of an Island. Nat. Geogr. Mag. 121 (5): 678-695.

Wooley, J. 1994. Deliver me from Safety. Wilton 65, York.

Zettersten, A. 1969. The English of Tristan da Cunha. Gleering, Lund.



2. Exploration, travel and island books


Alexander, J. 1982. Voices and Echoes. Tales from Colonial Women. Quartet Books Ltd., London.

Andersen, L. 1935. Lis sails the Atlantic. George Routledge & Sons Ltd., London.

Baarslag, K. 1941. Islands of Adventure. Robert Hale Ltd., London.

Baily, L. (ed.) 1945. Travellers' Tales. Allen & Unwin, London.

Barlow, J. 1806. A Voyage to Cochinchina in the Years 1792 and 1793. Cadell & Davies, London. Republished by Oxford University Press, 1975.

Baty, R. du 1910. 15,000 miles in a Ketch. Nelson & Sons, London.

Bruijn, J.R., F.S. Gaastra & I. Schöffer, 1979. Dutch Asiatic Shipping. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague.

Bull. H.J. 1896. Cruise of the Antarctic. Edward Arnold, London.

Bullen, F. 1898. The Cruise of the Cachalot. F.M. Lupton Pub. Co. Reprinted by various publishers many times, up to 2008.

Burgess, A. 1941. No Risks - no Romance. Jonathan Cape, London.

Cannan, E. 1992. Churches in the South Atlantic Islands, 1502-1991. Anthony Nelson, Oswestry.

Christensen, L. 1935. Such is the Antarctic. Hodder & Stoughton, London.

Coolhaas, W. Ph. 1960-1975. Generale missiven van Gouverneurs- Generaal en Raden aan Heren XVII der Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie. 5 vols. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague.

Cooper, G. 1960. Isles of Romance and Mystery. Publ. Latherwell Press.

Crawford, A.B. 2006. Memoirs: Noth, South, East & West. George Mann Publications, Easton, Winchester.

Croix, T. de la 1960. Mysteries of the Islands. Frederick Muller Ltd., London.


Dalrymple, A. 1786. A serious Admonition to the Publick on the Intended Thief-Colony at Botany Bay. George Bigg, London. Online:

D'Après de Mannevillette 1745. Le Neptune Oriental ou Routier Général des Côtes des Indes Orientales et de la Chine enrichi de cartes hydrographiques. Jean François Routel, Paris. Reprinted in 1775 by Demonville, Paris.

Drower, G. 1992. Britain's Dependent Territories: a Fistful of Islands. Dartmouth, London.

Evans, D. 1994. Schooling in the South Atlantic Islands, 1961-1992. Anthony Nelson, Oswestry.

Fogle, B. 2003. The Teatime Islands. Journeys to Britain's Faraway Outposts. Michael Joseph, Penguin Books, London.

Fontoura da Costa, A. 1940. Roteiros inéditos da carreira da India do século XVI/ Prefacianados e anotados. Ed. comemorativa do Duplo Centenário da Fundacão e Restauração de Portugal. Agência Geral das Colónias, Lisboa.

Fontoura da Costa, A. 1960. A marinharia dos descobrimentos. Agencia Geral do Ultramar, Lisboa.

Gray, Bishop 1856. Three Months' Visitation by the Bishop of Cape Town, in the Autumn of 1855: with an Account of his Voyage to the Island of Tristan d'Acunha, in March, 1856. Bell and Daldy, London.

Gray Birch, W. de 1875. Commentaries of the Great Afonso do Alboquerque, Second Viceroy of India. Hakluyt Society, Vol 53, part 1. London. Reprint by Elibron Classics, 2005.

Green, L.G. undated (before 1962). Where Man still dream. Timmins, Cape Town.

Green, L.G. undated, reprint 1982.  A Decent Fellow doesn't work. Timmins, Cape Town.

Green, L.G. 1960. Eight Bells at Salamander. Timmins, Cape Town.

Green, L.G. 1962. Islands Time forgot. Putnam, London.

Green, L.G. 1965. Almost forgotten, Never told. Timmins, Cape Town.

Green, L.G. 1972. When the Journey is over. Timmins, Cape Town.

Hackford-Jones, J. 1980. Augustus Earle, Travel Artist. Paintings and Drawings in the Rex Nan Kivell Collection, National Library of Australia. Scolar Press, London/ national Library of Australia, Canberra.

Hardy, A.C. 1967. Great Waters; a Voyage of Natural History to study Whales, Plankton, and Waters of the Southern Ocean in the Old Royal Research Ship 'Discovery' with the Results brought up to Date by the findings of the R.R.S. 'Discovery II'. Collins, London.

Harwood, D. 1969. Alert to Danger. Bell, London.

Headland, R.K. 1992. Chronological List of Antarctic Expeditions and Related Historical Events. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh, 1962. Birds from Brittannia. Longmans, London.

Holdgate, M. 2003. Penguins & Mandarins. The Memoirs of Martin Holdgate. The Memoir Club, Whitworth Hall, Spennymoor, Co. Durham.

Holman, J. 1835. A Voyage round the World including Travels in Africa, Asia, Australia, America (etc. etc.) from 1827 to 1832. Vol. 3. Smith, Elder & Co, London.

Im Thurn, E. & L. Wharton, 1925. The Journal of the William Lockerby, Sandalwood Trader in the Fijian Islands during the Years 1808-09. Hakluyt Society, London.

Landwehr, J. 1991. VOC, a Bibliography of Publications relating to the Dutch East India Company 1602-1800. HES, Utrecht.

Levell, S. Cycling Across the South Atlantic. An Oceanic Odyssey with a Bicycle. George Mann Publications, Easton, Winchester.

Linklater, E. 1972. The Voyage of the Challenger. John Murray, London.

Lopez de Castanheda, F. 1833. História do descobrimento e conquista da India pelos portugueses. Typographia Rollandia, Lisboa.

Mainwaring, M. 1988. Nor Any Drop to drink. England to Australia May 1987-January 1988. Bloomsbury Publishing Ltd., London.

Major, R.H. 1857. Early Voyages to Terra Australis at the Time of Captain Cook as told in Original Documents. Hakluyt Society, London. Reprint Australian Heritage Press, Adelaide 1963, Franklin, New York 1970.

Malhão Pereira, J.M. 2001. Um Livro de Marinharia do século XVIII - Estudo Critico. Thesis Lisbon University.

Marr, J.W.S. 1923. Into the Frozen South. Cassell & Co., London.

McPherson, S. 2016. Britain's Treasure Islands. A Journey to the UK Overseas Territories. Redfern Natural History Productions, Poole.

Meilink-Roelofs, M.A.P., R.Raben & H. Spijkerman (ed.) 1992. The Archives of the Dutch East India Company (1602-1795). SDU-Uitgeverij, The Hague.

Milner, J. & O.W. Brierly, 1869. The Cruise of H.M.S. 'Galatea', Captain H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh, K.G. in 1867-1868. W.H. Allen, London.

Moreland, W.H. 1934. Peter Floris, his Voyage to the East Indies in the Globe 1611-1615. Hakluyt Society, London.

Morrell, A.J. 1833. Narrative of a Voyage to the Ethiopic and South Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Chinese Sea, North and South Pacific Ocean, in the years 1829, 1830, 1931. Harper, New York. Reprint by Gregg Press, Upper Saddle River, 1970.

Morrell, B. 1832. A Narrative of Four Voyages, to the South Sea, North and South Pacific Ocean, Chinese Sea, Ethiopic and Southern Atlantic Ocean, Indian and Antarctic Ocean. From the Year 1822 to 1831. Harper, New York. Reprint by Gregg Press, Upper Saddle River, 1970.

Moseley, H.N. 1879. Notes by a Naturalist, being an Account of Various Observations made during the Voyage of H.M.S. 'Challenger', round the World in the Years 1872-1876. Methuen, London. Reprint by Laurie, London, 1944.

Newby, E. 1956. The Last Grain Race. Secker & Warburg.

Nicoll, M.J. 1908. Three Voyages of a Naturalist; being an Account of Many Little-Known Islands in the Three Oceans visited by the 'Valhalla' R.Y.S. Witherby & Co., London.

Oldfield, S. 1987. Fragments of Paradise: a Guide for Conservation Action in the UK Dependent Territories. Pisces for British Association of Nature Conservationists, Oxford.

Oliver, P. 1891. The Voyage of François Leguat to Rodriguez, vol. 1. Hakluyt Society, London.

Perrone-Moisés, L. 1992. Vinte Luas. Viagem de Paulmier de Gonneville ao Brasil: 1503-1505. Schwarcz, São Paulo.

Purdy, J. 1816. The Oriental Navigator. James Whittle & Richard Holmes Laurie, London. Online:

Ridgeway, R., M.C. Ridgeway & R. Ridgeway, 1996. Then we sailed away. Little, Brown and Company, London.

Ritchie, H. 1997. The Last Pink Bits. Travels Through the Remnants of the British Empire. Hodder & Stoughton, London.

Roach, P. 1952. Voyage in a Barquentine. Rupert Hart-Davis, London.

Schaffer, I. 2010. The Sea Shall Not Have Them. Narrative of Stephen and Margaret White, who were shipwrecked near Tristan da Cunha on the Blenden Hall in 1821, and their arrival in Van Diemen's Land 1832. Private publication, Tasmania.

Schilder, G. (ed.) 1976. Voyage to the Great South Land, Willem de Vlamingh 1696-1697. Royal Australian Historical Society, Sydney.

Seligman, A. 1939. The Voyage of the 'Cap Pilar'. Hodder & stoughton, London. Reprint by Seafarer Books, London, 1993.

Soeiro de Brito, J., M.N. Teague & J. Brandão (co-ordinators) 1992. O Livro de Lisuarte de Abreu. Comissão Nacional para as Comemorações dos Descobrimentos Portugueses, Lisboa.

Spry, W.J.J. 1877. The Cruise of Her Majesty's Ship 'Challenger'. Samson, Low, Maston, Searle & Rivenzta, London.

Stapel, F.W. 1927. Pieter van Dam's Beschryvinge van de Oostindische Compagnie. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague.

Staunton, G.T. 1797. An Authentic Account of an Embassy from the King of Great Britain to the Emperor of China taken chiefly from the Papers of His Excellency the Earl of Macartney. Vol. 1. Nicol, London.

Stevenson, R.E. & F.H. Talbot (eds.) 1994. Islands. The Illustrated Library of the Earth. Time-Life Books, Amsterdam.

Stirling, W. 1843. Narrative of the Wreck of the Ship 'Tiger', of Liverpool (Capt. Edward Searight), on the Desert Island of Astova, on the Morning of the 12th of August 1836. Roberts, Exeter.

Swire, H. 1938. The Voyage of the 'Challenger': a Personal Narrative of the Historic Circumnavigation of the Globe in the Years 1872-1876. Golden Cockerel Press, London.

Taylor, G. 1978. The Sea Chaplains. Oxford Illustrated Press, Oxford.

Thomson, C.W. 1875. The Voyage of the Challenger. Vol. 1, Narrative and Part I. Macmillan, London.

Thomson, C.W. 1877. The Voyage of the Challenger. Vol. 2, The Atlantic. Macmillan, London.

Thrower, N.J.W. 1980. The Three Voyages of Edmund Halley in the Paramore 1698-1701. Hakluyt Society, London.

Tiltman, M.H. 1933. God's Adventurers. George G. Harrap & Co Ltd, London.

Uhden, R. 1939. The Oldest Portuguese Original Chart of the Indian Ocean, A.D. 1509. Imago Mundi 3: 7-11.

Villers, A. 1940. Cruise of the Conrad. Hodder & Stoughton, London.

Watts, C.C. 1936. In Mid-Atlantic: the Islands of St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, London.

Wild, F. 1923. Shackleton's Last Voyage. The Story of the 'Quest'. Cassell, London.

Wild, J.J. 1878. At Anchor. A Narrative of Experiences Afloat and Ashore during the Voyage of H.M.S. 'Challenger' from 1872 to 1876. Marcus Ward, London.

Williamson, C. 1961. Great True Stories of the Islands. Arco Publications, London.

Winchester, S. 1985. Outposts. Journeys to the Surviving Relics of the British Empire. Hodder & Stoughton, London.

Wytema, M.S. 1936. 'Klaar voor onder water!' Met Hr. Ms. 'K-XVIII' langs een omweg naar Soerabaia. Andries Blitz, Amsterdam.




3. Fiction


Bazin, H. 1970. Les Bienheureux de la désolation. Editions du Seuil, Paris. English translation: Tristan, a novel. Simon & Shuster, London, 1971.

Campbell, R. 1949. 'Tristan da Cunha'. In: The Collected Poems of Roy Campbell. The Bodley Head, London.

Harris, Z. 2000. Further than the Furthest Thing. Faber & Faber Ltd., London.

Holtby, W. 1933. The Astonishing Island. Being a Veracious Record of the Experiences Undergone by Robinson Lippingtree Mackintosh from Tristan da Cunha during an eccidental Visit to Unknown Territory in the Year of Grace MCMXXX-? Macmillan Company, New York.

Jenkins, G. 1962. A Grue of Ice. Collins, London.

Levi, P. 1975. Il Systema periodico. Giulio Einaudi editore S.p.A., Torino. English translation: The Periodic Table, Schocken Books, 1984.

Marsh, J.E. 1950. On the Trail of the Albatross. Burke Publishing, Christchurch UK.

Newman, G. 1900. Other Lyrics. Reprint by Forgotten Books, London, 2018.

Schrott, R. 2003. Tristan da Cunha, oder Die Hälfte der Erde. Carl Hanser Verlag, München.

Townsend, J.R. 1981. The Islanders. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Townsend, J.R. 1992. The Invaders. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Verne, J. 1867-1868. Les enfants du capitaine Grant. Hetzel, Paris. English translation: A Voyage Round The World. Routledge & Sons 1876. Many later reprints: In search of the Castaways; Or, The Children of Captain Grant. Online available at (book 2, chapter 2 on Tristan).

Watt, D. 1991. Trouble in Tristan. Tynron Prss, Stenhouse, Thornhill, Scotland.



4. Moorhen sources


Apart from the papers listed below, Moorhens have been mentioned by Early (1833, so also in McCormick, 1966), Frazet et al. (1983), Hagen (1952), Im Thurn & Wharton (1925), Milner & Brierly (1869), Morrell (1832), Moseley (1879), Purdy (1816), Stirling (1843), Swales et al. (1993), Thomson (1877) and Wace & Holdgate (1976). And of course by myself (Beintema 1997).


Allen, J.A. 1892. Description of a new Gallinule from Gough Island Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 4: 57-58.

Beintema, A.J. 1972. The History of the Island Hen (Gallinula nesiotis), the extinct Flightless Gallinule of Tristan da Cunha. Bull. B.O.C. 92: 106-113.

Bourne, W.R.P. & A.C.F. David, 1981. Nineteenth Century Bird Records from Tristan da Cunha. Bull. B.O.C. 101: 247-256.

Brierly, O. 1842. Diary kept while Aboard R.Y.S. Wanderer (Capt. Bushby, R.N.), voyaging from Plymouth to Australia. manuscript in Mitchell Library, Sidney.

Broekhuysen, G.J. & W. Macnae, 1949. Observations on the Birds of Tristan da Cunha Islands and Gough Island in February and early March 1948. Ardea 87: 97-113.

Brooke, R.K. 1979. Some mid-XIX Century Bird Collections from Tristan da Cunha. Cormorant 7: 24-26.

Bullock, W. 1819. Catalogue (without which no person can be admitted either to the view or the sale) ofthe Roman Gallery of Antiquities and Works of Art, and the London Museum of Natural History (etc. etc.). Annotated copy in Museum of Zoology, Cambridge.

Busk, G. 1869. (On additions to the menagerie). Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1869: 469.

Carmichael, D. 1818. Some Account of the Island of Tristan da Cunha and of its Natural Productions. Transactions Linnean Soc. 12: 483-513.

Eber, G. 1961. Vergleichende Untersuchungen am flugfähigen Teichhhuhn Gallinula chl. chloropus und der flugunfähigen Inselralle Gallinula nesiotis. Bonner Zool. Beitr. 12: 247-315.

Elliot, H.F.I. 1957. A contribution to the ornithology of the Tristan da Cunha Group. Ibis 99: 545-586.

Gadow, H. 1910. On the ornithological Collections of the University of Cambridge. Ibis (9) 4: 47-53.

Groenenberg D.S.J, A.J. Beintema, R.W.R.J. Dekker & E. Gittenberger, 2008. Ancient DNA Elucidates the Controversy about the Flightless Island Hens (Gallinula sp.) of Tristan da Cunha. PLoS ONE 3(3): e1835. Online:

Gurney, J.H. 1853. (On a wingless Bird of Tristan da Cunha). Zoologist: 4017.

Layard, E.L. 1856. (Note on specimens collected by Captain Nolloth). Nautical Mag. 25: 414-415.

Layard, E.L. 1869. Further Notes on South African Ornithology. Ibis (2) 5: 361-378.

Macgillivray, J. 1852. Journal kept Aboard H.M.S. Herald, November 11th-13th 1852. Manuscript in Admiralty Library, London.

Matthews, G.M. 1932. The Birds of Tristan da Cunha. Novitates Zool. 38: 13-48.

Nicoll, M.J. 1906. On the Birds collected and observed during the Voyage of the 'Valhalla'. Ibis (8) 6: 666-712.

Nolloth, M.S. 1856. Visit of H.M.S. 'Frolic' to Tristan da Cunha. Nautical Mag. 25: 400-413.

Olson S. 1973. Evolution of the Rails of the Southe Atlantic Islands (Aves: Rallidae). Smithsonian Contrib. Zool. 152: 1-53.

Peringuey, L. 1910. (On collections from Tristan da Cunha). Report of the South African Museum for the year ended 31st December 1909: 7-8.

Richardson, M.E. 1984. Aspects of the Ornithology of the Tristan da Cunha Group and Gough Island, 1972-1974. Cormorant 12: 123-201.

Sclater, P.L. 1861. On the Island-Hen of Tristan d'Acunha. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1861: 260-263.

Sperling, R.M. 1872. Letter on Tristan da Cunha. Ibis (3) 2: 74-79.

Stresemann, E. 1953. Birds collected by Capt. Dugald Carmichael on Tristan da Cunha 1816-1817. Ibis 95: 146-147.

Warren, R.L.M. 1966. Type Specimens of Birds in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol 1. Non-Passerines. British Museum (Nat. Hist.), London.

Watkins, B.P. & R.W. Furness, 1986. Population Status, Breeding and Conservation of the Gough Moorhen. Ostrich 57: 32-36.

Willemoes Suhm, R. von, 1876. On Observations made during the Voyage of H.M.S. 'Challenger'. Proc. Royal Soc. 24: 569-585.

Wilson, A.E. & M.K. Swales, 1958. Flightless Moorhens (Porphyriornis c. comeri) from Gough Island breed in Captivity. Avicultural Mag. 64: 43-45.

Winterbottom, J.M. 1958. Tristan da Cunha Birds. Ibis 100: 285.

Winterbottom, J.M. 1976. Keytel's Birds from Tristan da Cunha. Ostrich 47: 69-70.

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